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Home Page for the Information Technology (IT) Discipline

"Development Environment Management"


Table of Contents

Introduction: Introduction to Development Environment Management
Framework: Using This Artifact as a "Development Environment Management Framework"
Key Terms: Key Terms for Development Environment Management
Glossary: The "Development Environment Management Glossary"
Capabilities: Development Environment Management as an Enterprise Capability
Ownership: Clearly Defined Development Environment Management Ownership is Critical for Success
Verbs and Actions: Understanding Why Verbs and Actions are Important to Development Environment Management
Roles: Key Verb and Action Driven Roles For Development Environment Management
Taxonomy: Understanding Development Environment Management Classifications or Categorizations
Ontology: Development Environment Management Ontology as a Means for Language Standardization
Life Cycle (Lifecycle): Lifecycle Phases for Development Environment Management
Inventories: Development Environment Management Inventories
Environments: Development Environment Management Environments
Metrics: Development Environment Management Metrics
Services: Development Environment Management as a Set of Services (a.k.a. Development Environment Management Services)
Service Paradigms: Centralized Development Environment Management vs. Federated Development Environment Management
Principles & Best Practices: Common Principles and Best Practices for Development Environment Management
Further Reading and Reference Material for Development Environment Management


Introduction: Introduction to Development Environment Management

This document represents an aggregated, ordered and contextualized view of the material we've been able to compile and publish that is related to the topic of "Development Environment Management." The goal is to make this page a landing and launch point for all things related to this topic. As our content becomes more complete and more accurate, this page should become a very useful and powerful knowledge base for this topic and all parties interested in it.

You'll find that the content for this document is consistent with that of other discipline related documents. This is intentional. The consistency is based on a knowledge pattern that helps individuals learn more about different topics, quicker and more efficiently. We hope you find the material useful and easy to learn.

It's important to realize that content in this document and any related sub-documents are constantly evolving. Therefore, we recommend you check for updates, regularly, to keep up with the latest material.

The Foundation always welcomes your feedback and suggestions for improvement, as we're always looking for ways to improve our solutions and offerings to the general community.

All solutions published by the Foundation are subject to the terms and conditions of the Foundation's Master Agreement.


Framework: Using This Artifact as a "Development Environment Management Framework"

This document or artifact, along with everything in it, is intended to act as a "Framework" that addresses various aspects of Development Environment Management.

The readers will notice that most sections in the Table of Contents (TOC) use a format where the TOC entry is prefixed with a topic name, followed by a short descriptive title (i.e. "TOPIC_NAME: TOPIC_RELATED_SECTION_TITLE"). This is intentional and represents a format by which the Foundation may achieve things like the identification of appropriate topic areas, the segregation of distinct topic areas from each other, the appropriate ordering of topic areas, and achieve the maintenance of consistency, both, within and across different IT Disciplines.

To elaborate, this artifact is intended to:

  1. Organize different areas of the discipline known as Development Environment Management into clear and compartmentalized areas that allow the Foundation to more effectively and productively collect, document and publish information that pertains to this discipline.
  2. Decompose each area of Development Environment Management into smaller and, therefore, more digestible units for more efficient learning and understanding.
  3. Document common industry wisdom about each area, piece or subcomponent of Development Environment Management
  4. Act as a set of Development Environment Management related best practices and guidelines that have been collected, documented, and published for the benefit of IT Professionals, regardless of their specific industry, line of business, or area of expertise.
  5. Act as a consistent and repeatable pattern for documenting, publishing and learning, both, within this Discipline and across "all" Disciplines.

From the Foundation's perspective, if done correctly, all of the above will allow the Foundation to properly decompose, document and publish content related to each sub-area or sub-topic for each IT Discipline, including this specific discipline (i.e. "Development Environment Management").

From the reader's perspective, if done correctly, all of the above will allow him or her to easily find and learn about specific areas of interest associated with this and all other IT Disciplines in a manner where the reader may effectively consume and digest material in small atomic segments that act as repeatable and more effective learning units.

As this artifact evolves and progresses, the reader will see it address key areas of the professional IT Discipline "Development Environment Management" that range from its detailed definition through closely related terms, phrases and their definitions, to its detailed specification of Development Environment Management Capabilities, and all the way through to defining, delivering, operating and supporting Development Environment Management Services.

As mentioned previously, this document will continue to evolve and the Foundation recommends the reader check back, regularly, to stay abreast of modifications and new developments. It is also important to understand that the structure of this artifact may change to meet the needs of such evolution.


Key Terms for Development Environment Management

Before moving on to learn more about the rest of the Development Environment Management framework, we suggest that you take some time to familiarlize yourself with the following very basic term(s)...

Development Environment Management:

"1. The professional discipline that involves working with, in or on any aspect of planning, delivering, operating or supporting for one or more Development Environment Items or any and all solutions put in place to deal with such Items.

2. The solution set that a person or organization puts in place to manage one or more Development Environment Items.

3. The process or processes put in place by a person or organization to assist in the management, coordination, control, delivery, or support of one or more Development Environment Items.

4. The Enterprise Capability that represents the general ability or functional capacity for a Resource or Organization to deal with or handle one or more Development Environment Items. Such a term is often used by Information Technology (IT) Architects when performing or engaging in the activities associated with general Capability Modeling."

In addition to the above basic term(s), you can also learn a great deal about Development Environment Management by familiarizing yourself with the broader spectrum of terms that make up the Development Environment Management Glossary...


Glossary: The "Development Environment Management Glossary"

IT Glossary

Language between IT professionals and the businesses we serve is often a significant barrier to success, as we often spend countless hours trying to interpret each other's meanings. This is often also true between IT professionals who are taught to use certain terms and definitions as part of the organizations and industries they serve. It's when you start to jump from organization to organization, from enterprise to enterprise, and from industry to industry that you realize how much time and effort is wasted on just getting language and meanings correct. For these reasons, the Foundation puts a great deal of focus on terms and phrases, as well as their corresponding definitions. We highly recommend you spend time learning and understanding all of the related terms and phrases, along with their meanings, for all areas of "Development Environment Management."

Development Environment Management Glossary
Centralized Development Environment Management Development Environment Management Program
Decentralized Development Environment Management Development Environment Management Project
Development Environment Development Environment Management Reference Architecture
Development Environment Automation Development Environment Management Release
Development Environment Capacity Management Development Environment Management Report
Development Environment Catalog Development Environment Management Reporting
Development Environment Catalogue Development Environment Management Roadmap
Development Environment Configuration Development Environment Management Role
Development Environment Configuration Item Development Environment Management Rule
Development Environment Configuration Management Development Environment Management Schedule
Development Environment Cost Development Environment Management Security
Development Environment Data Entity Development Environment Management Service
Development Environment Database Development Environment Management Service Assurance
Development Environment Decommission Development Environment Management Service Contract
Development Environment Delivery Development Environment Management Service Level Agreement (SLA)
Development Environment Dependency Development Environment Management Service Level Objective (SLO)
Development Environment Deployment Development Environment Management Service Level Requirement (SLR)
Development Environment Document Development Environment Management Service Level Target (SLT)
Development Environment Document Management Development Environment Management Service Provider
Development Environment File Plan Development Environment Management Service Request
Development Environment Framework Development Environment Management Software
Development Environment Governance Development Environment Management Solution
Development Environment History Development Environment Management Stakeholder
Development Environment Identifier Development Environment Management Standard
Development Environment Inventory Development Environment Management Strategy
Development Environment Item Development Environment Management Supply
Development Environment Lifecycle Development Environment Management Support
Development Environment Management Development Environment Management System
Development Environment Management Application Development Environment Management Theory
Development Environment Management Best Practice Development Environment Management Training
Development Environment Management Blog Development Environment Management Vision
Development Environment Management Capability Development Environment Management Wiki
Development Environment Management Center of Excellence Development Environment Management Workflow
Development Environment Management Certification Development Environment Metadata
Development Environment Management Class Development Environment Migration
Development Environment Management Community of Practice (CoP) Development Environment Plan
Development Environment Management Course Development Environment Portfolio
Development Environment Management Data Development Environment Portfolio Lifecycle Management
Development Environment Management Data Dictionary Development Environment Portfolio Management
Development Environment Management Database Development Environment Processing
Development Environment Management Demand Development Environment Record
Development Environment Management Dependency Development Environment Records Management
Development Environment Management Discussion Forum Development Environment Repository
Development Environment Management Document Development Environment Reuse
Development Environment Management Documentation Development Environment Review
Development Environment Management File Plan Development Environment Schedule
Development Environment Management Form Development Environment Schematic (Schema)
Development Environment Management Framework Development Environment Security
Development Environment Management Governance Development Environment Software
Development Environment Management Knowledge Development Environment Strategy
Development Environment Management Lessons Learned Development Environment Support
Development Environment Management Metric Development Environment Taxonomy
Development Environment Management Operating Model Development Environment Termination
Development Environment Management Organization Development Environment Tracking
Development Environment Management Plan Development Environment Tracking Software
Development Environment Management Platform Development Environment Transaction
Development Environment Management Policy Development Environment Unique Identifier
Development Environment Management Portfolio Development Environment Verification
Development Environment Management Principle Development Environment Version
Development Environment Management Procedure Development Environment Workflow
Development Environment Management Process Enterprise Development Environment Management
Development Environment Management Professional Federated Development Environment Management
Development Environment Management Program Regional Development Environment Management

Please refer to the IT Glossary for other terms and phrases that may be relevant to this professional discipline.

Readers may also refer to the Taxonomy of Glossaries for terms and phrases that are semantically grouped according to IT Disciplines or enterprise domains.

This Development Environment Management Glossary is a contextual subset of the master IF4IT Glossary of Terms and Phrases. The master glossary can be used by you and your enterprise as a foundation for broader understanding of Information Technology and can be used as a teaching and learning tool for those you work with, helping to ensure a common and more standard language.


Capabilities: Development Environment Management as an Enterprise Capability

A Capability, as it pertains to Information Technology (IT) or to an enterprise that an IT Organization serves, is defined to be "A manageable feature, faculty, function, process, service or discipline that represents an ability to perform something which yields an expected set of results and is capable of further advancement or development. In other words, a Capability is nothing more than "the ability to do something" or, quite simply, a Feature or Function. Therefore, when applied to an enterprise, a Capability represents a critical Enterprise Feature or Enterprise Function.

When it comes to Capabilities, there are multiple types that an enterprise needs to be aware of. Examples include but are not limited to:

As can be seen above, there are Capabilities that are associated with Resources, Organizations, and Assets such as Systems. All are important to an enterprise.

In the case of this IT Discipline (i.e. Development Environment Management), we use the word Capability in the context of an Enterprise Capability or an IT Capability, which are both equivalent to Enterprise Disciplines or IT Disciplines, respectively. In short, the Capability of Development Environment Management represents the ability to deal with any and all Development Environment Items and anything relevant that is related to or associated with any Development Environment Items.

If you think about it, a capability is really nothing more than a "verb" or "action that represents "the ability to do something." Understanding this allows us to derive a consistent and highly repeatable set of sub-capabilities for any Noun we're dealing with. For example:

In summary, the implication is that the Enterprise Capability or Enterprise Discipline known as Development Environment Management is the superset of all the above Sub-Capabilities, as they pertain to or are applied to the discipline-specific Noun: "Development Environment." This now translates more specifically to:

For a more complete list of very specific Capabilities/Disciplines, refer to the Foundation's Master Inventory of IT Disciplines. It is important to note that this inventory is in a flat or non-hierarchical form, specifically because "hierarchy" is almost always a matter of personal preference or context (what hierarchy is important to one Resource or Organization may be unimportant to another's needs or requirements). Therefore, the Foundation has published its inventory of Capabilities in a non-hierarchical, flat form.

This now brings us to a very obvious problem that surrounds Capabilities, which is the fact that there are simply too many "granular" or "specific" Capabilities to document and publish in any single Capability Model. The end result is that a Capability Model may become unwieldy because of trying to incorporate so many different specific Capabilities. Also, Capability Modeling "Purists," who all have their own (and very differing) opinions about how Capability Models should or should not be represented, almost always refuse to get into the details. To address this, we recommend using a generic set of Capabilities that map to and are driven by the Systems Development Life Cycle. For example:

As you can see from the above, we now have a very limited, controlled and manageable set of Discipline-specific Capabilities for the Discipline Development Environment Management.

As a reminder, the above Capability representations are "suggestions" for baselining or initializing your own Enterprise Capability Model (ECM). It's recommended that you take the time to work with your enterprise stakeholders to improve upon and/or customize your own ECM so that you can help meet their needs. However, with that being said, it's always a better idea to go in with a baseline that you can modify rather than building your own solution from scratch, especially if your goals are to standardize, not reinvent the wheel, and not deviate too far from what other enterprises are doing to model their own environments. This is especially true if you've never had any experience building ECMs that have gained and maintained full adoption.

Why do enterprises perform Capability Modeling? Enterprises most often build Capability Models that are associated with Development Environment Management for the following reasons...

Capability Modeling Recommendations: Some things to consider and keep in mind when working on or creating your Development Environment Management and Enterprise Capability Models...

Learn More About Capability Models: Taking the time to learn about and understand Capability Models, what they're for, and how they're used may help you learn how Development Environment Management better fits into the broader enterprise. Therefore, we suggest you spend some time reviewing and understanding the IF4IT Enterprise Capability Model...

Enterprise Capability Model

Ownership: Clearly Defined Development Environment Management Ownership is Critical for Success

IT Discipline Ownership

Here's a very simple fact... If an enterprise does not establish and enforce clearly defined Ownership (i.e. a Resources and his or her Organization are assigned as accountable ownership) for Development Environment Management, the enterprise has automatically set itself up for failure in its implementation of that discipline. Therefore, if you and your enterprise want to implement and maintain a successful solution for Development Environment Management, there must be a clearly defined Owner that can and will be held accountable for getting work done, providing transparency, helping with strategy setting, and coordinating implementation of Development Environment Management as a fully functional and mature enterprise Service.

Having clearly defined Ownership should not be confused with having fully dedicated Resources that spend one hundred percent of their time working on Development Environment Management. In fact, smaller enterprises can rarely afford to dedicate full time Resources, like larger enterprises can, to all enterprise IT Disciplines. This being the case, all IT Disciplines, including Development Environment Management, should "always" have clearly defined Owners so that there is always a clear point of accountability and contact for any issues or work that need to be addressed.

In addition to the common best practice of having clearly assigned Ownership for Development Environment Management, it is also considered a best practice to clearly publish and socialize Development Environment Management Ownership details to a centralized location (often referred to as a "Service Catalog" or an "Enterprise Service Catalog"), along with Ownership details for all other IT Disciplines, so that the entire enterprise has constant access to it.

Canonical Ownership of an Enterprise Capability

Figure: How Ownership of the Capability Development Environment Management fits into the Canonical Model for IT

The above figure helps us understand how Capability or Discipline Ownership fits into the Canonical Model for Information Technology (IT) (i.e. "Think," "Deliver," and "Operate"). Owners are assigned to individual Disciplines or Capabilities, such as Development Environment Management, and are instantly made accountable to the enterprise for the results of all Development Environment Management Thinking activities (i.e. Strategy, Research, Planning and Design), all Development Environment Management Delivery activities (i.e. Construction, Deployment and Quality Assurance), and all Development Environment Management Operations activities (i.e. Use, Maintenance and Support). Done correctly, Development Environment Management Ownership is constant and ongoing. It's important to understand that such assigned Ownership should "never" end so that there is clear and constant accountability and transparency for all aspects of the Canonical Model to the enterprise.

Not having clear Ownership for Development Environment Management means that there is no clear understanding of who is accountable for it, who can provide understanding of what's going on within it, who can help the enterprise provide short term and long term descriptions of work being performed within the Discipline area to improve it over time for its customers, and who can help with getting work done that's associated with it. It means your or your enterprise's implementation for Development Environment Management will be highly incomplete and erratic because no one is constantly (or even partially) watching over the Discipline and its needs for maintenance and evolution. Not having clear Development Environment Management Ownership is a recipe for confusion and, sometimes, even chaos.

In summary, if you and your enterprise truly want to be successful with your implementation of Development Environment Management, ensure that a clear and highly accountable owner is identified and assigned to the Discipline. Publish those ownership details, preferably in an enterprise's Service Catalog, and socialize it so everyone knows whom to go to for answers and for help with Development Environment Management related work. In other words, if you want to implement Development Environment Management as an enterprise Service, then you absolutely must start with clearly defined, published and socialized Ownership.


Verbs and Actions: Understanding Why Verbs and Actions are Important to Development Environment Management

Throughout the Foundation's documentation, you will continuously run into the references of "Nouns and Verbs." These concepts are key to consistency and standardization, throughout the IT Industry, down to each and every IT Discipline. Given that we've discussed the impact of "Nouns" on the discipline of "Development Environment Management," this section will start to discuss the importance of "Verbs" or "Actions" that can be performed with or against the key Noun or Nouns associated with this Discipline. To reiterate, Verbs or Actions allow us to clearly understand what can be performed on or with the Noun in question. As will be discussed in the next section, Verbs or Actions will also help us clearly identify whom it is (i.e. the "who" or more specifically the Roles) that performs or executes such Verbs or Actions against a Discipline and its associated Noun or Nouns. As will be discussed later, Verbs or Actions will also help identify key Attributes (i.e. Field Names) that are necessary for the very data definition of the Noun or Nouns for this Discipline and will even help identify which Verbs or Actions can be automated for this Discipline.

As a reminder, the base Noun for the discipline known as Development Environment Management is: "Development Environment," which is sometimes referred to as a the Noun: "Development Environment Item."

By now, it should be becoming apparent that verbs represent a baseline for defining solid functional requirements and sub-capabilities for what would be a part of any good Development Environment Management System or Service. What this means is that if you and/or your Organization is looking for a solution in this space (e.g. the purchasing or building of a software solution or the implementation of a Service to address the needs of Development Environment Management), you could use discipline-related verbs to drive the foundation of what the solution should or shouldn't do, as mapped to specific stakeholders that will use or provide the solution.

Examples of the types of Verbs or Actions that are important to this Discipline include but are not limited to:

The above list represents a very small subset of all Verbs or Actions that are relevant for this Discipline. The more complete set can be found in the Roles section of this document, where readers can see the direct correlation of Verb to Noun and to, both, Generic Role and Discipline Specific Role.


Roles: Key Verb and Action Driven Roles For Development Environment Management

An "action" or a "verb" is something that can be performed on or with a specific "noun." The reason it is important to itemize all relevant verbs is because we can now start to determine what we can or cannot do with the noun in question, where in this case the noun is "Development Environment."

Actions/Verbs Example as Applied to "Development Environment" Generic Roles Discipline-Specific Roles
Administrate Administrate Development Environment Administrator Development Environment Administrator
Approve Approve Development Environment Approver Development Environment Approver
Architect Architect Development Environment Architector Development Environment Architector
Archive Archive Development Environment Archiver Development Environment Archiver
Audit Audit Development Environment Auditor Development Environment Auditor
Bundle Bundle Development Environment Bundler Development Environment Bundler
Clone Clone Development Environment Cloner Development Environment Cloner
Code Code Development Environment Coder Development Environment Coder
Configure Configure Development Environment Configurer Development Environment Configurer
Copy Copy Development Environment Copier Development Environment Copier
Create Create Development Environment Creator Development Environment Creator
Decommission Decommission Development Environment Decommissioner Development Environment Decommissioner
Delete Delete Development Environment Deletor Development Environment Deletor
Deploy Deploy Development Environment Deployer Development Environment Deployer
Deprecate Deprecate Development Environment Deprecator Development Environment Deprecator
Design Design Development Environment Designer Development Environment Designer
Destroy Destroy Development Environment Destroyer Development Environment Destroyer
Develop Develop Development Environment Developer Development Environment Developer
Distribute Distribute Development Environment Distributor Development Environment Distributor
Download Download Development Environment Downloader Development Environment Downloader
Edit Edit Development Environment Editor Development Environment Editor
Educate Educate Development Environment Educator Development Environment Educator
Export Export Development Environment Exporter Development Environment Exporter
Govern Govern Development Environment Governor Development Environment Governor
Import Import Development Environment Importer Development Environment Importer
Initialize Initialize Development Environment Initializer Development Environment Initializer
Install Install Development Environment Installer Development Environment Installer
Instantiate Instantiate Development Environment Instantiator Development Environment Instantiator
Integrate Integrate Development Environment Integrator Development Environment Integrator
Manage Manage Development Environment Manager Development Environment Manager
Merge Merge Development Environment Merger Development Environment Merger
Modify Modify Development Environment Modifier Development Environment Modifier
Move Move Development Environment Mover Development Environment Mover
Own Own Development Environment Owner Development Environment Owner
Package Package Development Environment Packager Development Environment Packager
Persist Persist Development Environment Persister Development Environment Persister
Plan Plan Development Environment Planner Development Environment Planner
Purge Purge Development Environment Purger Development Environment Purger
Receive Receive Development Environment Receiver Development Environment Receiver
Record Record Development Environment Recorder Development Environment Recorder
Recover Recover Development Environment Recoverer Development Environment Recoverer
Register Register Development Environment Registrar Development Environment Registrar
Relocate Relocate Development Environment Relocator Development Environment Relocator
Reject Reject Development Environment Rejecter Development Environment Rejecter
Remove Remove Development Environment Remover Development Environment Remover
Replicate Replicate Development Environment Replicator Development Environment Replicator
Report Report Development Environment Reporter Development Environment Reporter
Request Request Development Environment Requestor Development Environment Requestor
Restore Restore Development Environment Restorer Development Environment Restorer
Review Review Development Environment Reviewer Development Environment Reviewer
Save Save Development Environment Saver Development Environment Saver
Search Search Development Environment Searcher Development Environment Searcher
Split Split Development Environment Splitter Development Environment Splitter
Sponsor Sponsor Development Environment Sponsor Development Environment Sponsor
Store Store Development Environment Storer Development Environment Storer
Strategize Strategize Development Environment (or Set Development Environment Strategy) Strategizer (or Strategy Setter) Development Environment Strategizer (or Development Environment Strategy Setter)
Support Support Development Environment Supporter Development Environment Supporter
Test Test Development Environment Tester Development Environment Tester
Train Train Development Environment Trainer Development Environment Trainer
Upgrade Upgrade Development Environment Upgrader Development Environment Upgrader
Upload Upload Development Environment Uploader Development Environment Uploader
Verify Verify Development Environment Verifier Development Environment Verifier
Version Version Development Environment Versioner Development Environment Versioner
View View Development Environment Viewer Development Environment Viewer

At a minimum, the above list of Verbs can be used to help identify, track, and manage the basic "Features" required by and associated with Development Environment Management, even if your enterprise doesn't maintain a Capability Model that lists specific Development Environment Management Capabilities. Application designers, developers, and architects often find such Verb Lists or Feature Inventories to be invaluable.


Taxonomy: Understanding Development Environment Management Classifications or Categorizations

IF4IT Taxonomies

A Taxonomy, in its noun form, is defined as:

...a documented and orderly set of types, classifications, categorizations and/or principles that are often achieved through mechanisms including but not limited to naming, defining and/or the grouping of attributes, and which ultimately help to describe, differentiate, identify, arrange and provide contextual relationships between the entities for which the Taxonomy exists.

From this general definition, we can derive that the definition for a Development Environment Management Taxonomy is:

...a documented and orderly set of types, classifications, categorizations and/or principles that are often achieved through mechanisms including but not limited to naming, defining and/or the grouping of attributes, and which ultimately help to describe, differentiate, identify, arrange and provide contextual relationships between Development Environment Items, Entities or Types.

In short, what this means all means is that a Taxonomy is nothing more than a classification or typing mechanism and that a Development Environment Taxonomy is nothing more than a classification or typing mechanism that helps people and systems distinguish between different Development Environment Items, Entities, Types, Records or any other Development Environment Management element you can think of.

It's important to understand that Taxonomies can be as simple as a list of relevant terms or phrases with respective meanings or definitions or they can take on more complex forms, such as hierarchical and graphical model structures that can be homogeneous and heterogeneous in nature. More complex Taxonomies include examples such as "Visual Taxonomies" and "Audible Taxonomies" but, expect in the case of very special technologies, are typically out of scope for general Information Technology (IT) Operations.

The Foundation directs readers to its ever-evolving Inventory of Taxonomies for Standard Taxonomy suggestions. Specifically, readers may want to start with the Taxonomy of Taxonomies, which helps make it clear that the IT Industry is composed of many hundreds if not thousands of Taxonomies, Classifications, Categorizations or Types.


Ontology: Development Environment Management Ontology as a Means for Lanagugae Standardization

While Taxonomies represent organized classifications or types, you can think of Ontologies as the design and representation of entire lanaguages, with the specific intent to control things like structure, behavior, representation, and meaning. Without getting into a theoretical conversations about Ontologies, you can view this entire article as a foundation for the ontology of Development Environment Management. Or, in other words, a Development Environment Management Ontology.

Throughout this artifact/framework, you will find things like Development Environment Management related terms, phrases, definitions, roles, responsibilities, nouns, verbs, classifications, and so on, all as a means of definining a standard representation for and interpretation of the language of Development Environment Management.

It is only through the definition, communication, and establishment of such Ontologies that we can standardize language and communication associated with Development Environment Management, whether it be between humans and/or systems.


Life Cycle (Lifecycle): Lifecycle Phases for Development Environment Management

When we talk about Life Cycle (or lifecycle) for Development Environment Management, it's important to keep in mind that there are two different types of Life Cycles that apply. The first is a Data Life Cycle, which addresses Development Environment Management data or entities, and the second is associated with delivering Development Environment Management Assets like Systems or Software solutions.

Development Environment Management Data Life Cycle Phases:

Data Lifecycle (or Life Cycle) for any and all data is the period from the "inception" of data through to its ultimately being "purged" from existence. This is no different for Development Environment Management related data.

Like the data associated with any other professional IT Discipline, Development Environment Management related data adheres to the following common Data Lifecycle Phases:

Data Lifecycle Phases

Figure: Development Environment Management Lifecycle Phases

  1. Inception: Data is in it's raw idea-like form and is not ready for consumption by the general population because it has not been documented or registered, anywhere, in a formal manner.
  2. Creation and Registration: Data is formally put into existence for day-to-day use by appropriate stakeholders.
  3. Iterative Maintenance: Data is in a mode of constant use and is updated and modified, as needed, to meet the needs of daily use by various stakeholders.
  4. Decommission and Deletion: Data is prepared for deletion and eventually deleted from daily operational use but still exists for administrative or organizational purposes, such as historical auditing. It can be restored to any one of its relevant last states and, therefore, can be brought back into existence for day-to-day use.
  5. Purged From Existence: Data is completely removed from an environment with no means to restore or reconstruct it, without recreating it from scratch and with no guarantees that it will match it's previous state.

The above Life Cycle Phases represent the high level transitions that occur from the inception of Development Environment Items or Entities all the way through to their complete elimination from existence. A more detailed breakdown of these transitions or phases represents what are referred to as "Development Environment Management States."

Development Environment Management Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) Phases or Development Environment Management Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) Phases:

The SDLC is a means for facilitating and controlling how IT Professionals deliver Assets, such as Development Environment Management Systems and Software. In this case, you should default to the master SDLC, which is used to deliver any Asset of any type, including those associated with the Development Environment Management discipline.

Development Environment Management SDLC Diagram

Inventories: Development Environment Management Inventories

There are probably no greater or more important tools for providing Development Environment Management transparency and direction than the collection, ordering, categorizing, grouping, and maintenance of all related Development Environment Items. In other words, Development Environment Management Inventories.

In short, an Inventory represents a list of individual things or instances of things that are typically all of the same Noun Type or Data Type, where these instances are described and detailed by their Attributes, along with the Data and Information that act as values for such Attributes.

At a minimum, Development Environment Management Inventories are used for the establishment of solid Development Environment Configuration Management practices, as the Development Environment Instances tracked within such Development Environment Inventories act as Configuration Items (in Target and/or Dependency form) for key Configurations (Development Environment Management Configurations or otherwise).

Inventories are also used for solid decision making. Good decisions, either strategic or tactical, are made based on having good Data and Information. And, good Data and Information only come from taking the time to follow best practices associated with Inventory Management. It's only through building such Inventories that an enterprise can achieve solid Development Environment Management Business Intelligence and Reporting.

Also, it's these very same Inventories that act as the foundation for understanding and managing Total Cost of Ownership (a.k.a. "TCO") for Development Environment Management. Without such Inventories, trying to understand your costs can be nothing more than uneducated guessing.

The obvious place to start is with Development Environment Inventories and then move on to surrounding Inventories that are directly and indirectly related to Development Environment Management.

Additionally, there are many other types of Inventories that are common and important to Development Environment Management, which include but are not limited to examples such as:

  1. People and Organizations related to Development Environment Management
  2. Roles, Responsibilities, and Skills related to Development Environment Management
  3. Products and Services related to Development Environment Management
  4. Capabilities related to Development Environment Management
  5. Contracts, Agreements, and Licenses related to Development Environment Management
  6. Processes related to Development Environment Management
  7. Tools and Technologies (e.g. Systems/Applications/Software/Computers) related to Development Environment Management
  8. Data Types and Instances related to Development Environment Management
  9. Data Interfaces related to Development Environment Management
  10. Environments related to Development Environment Management
  11. Facilities and Locations related to Development Environment Management

If you and/or your enterprise are not collecting and maintaining such Inventories, you're probably considered to be very low on the efficiency and effectiveness maturity scale.

It's important to keep in mind that collecting and managing Development Environment Management Inventories is something that should be performed across all phases of Development Environment Management Lifecycle and across all Environments (i.e. Development Environment Management Environments). Both are considered to be very important Best Practices. For example, you and/or your enterprise cannot get a complete understanding of Development Environment Management costs or impacts without knowing all related Inventory Items in all environments. And, tracking across all lifecycle phases gives a temporal perspective that is important for things like problem analysis, historical reporting, and the reconstruction of state (i.e. Configuration Management).

NOTE: Development Environment Management Inventories are also important for other enterprise functions, such as Architecture and Design. Such Inventories represent the foundation for understanding an enterprise's Current State and are critical for planning Future State and any related strategies, roadmaps, and transition plans for facilititating change.


Environments: Development Environment Management Environments

Building environments that are specific to and for the discipline known as Development Environment Management is no different than doing so for any other discipline area. The reader should, therefore, refer to the IT Environment Framework to understand such environments.

IT Environment Framework for Development Environment Management

Metrics: Development Environment Management Metrics

As with any professional Discipline, the place to start with when dealing with Development Environment Management specific metrics is with standard metrics categorizations. Standard Metrics Categorizations, or what are commonly referred to as "SMCs," include but are not limited to...

Development Environment Management Quantitative Metrics: Quantitative metrics for Development Environment Management often revolve around the "counting" of key constructs that are associated with the Discipline. For example, the number of Development Environment Items or Entities that have been Created, Edited or Modified, Copied or Cloned, Destroyed, Archived, Restored, etc. (Note the correlations to key Development Environment Management Verbs!). Also, the counts for things like the number of Development Environment Management Stakeholders, such as but not limited to Paying Customers, End Users, Employees, Consultants, etc. are also very useful.

Development Environment Management Qualitative Metrics: Qualitative metrics for Development Environment Management often revolve around concepts such as Development Environment Management Defects, Failures, Problems, Incidents, and/or Issues. So, for example, if we were to capture the number of Development Environment Management Defects (i.e. their counts) over time, we could do things like see if Defect quantities are going up or down, over time, allowing us to explore that area for things like correlating Causes and Effects.

Development Environment Management Time Metrics: When dealing with Development Environment Management Time Metrics, there are usually two forms. The first was introduced in the previous paragraph, which has to do with capturing and measuring things like Quantitative or Qualitative Metrics, over time. In this case, we capture other metric categories, over time, with the intent to see how they change and perform, based on modifications to the Development Environment Management Operating Environment. The second form of Time related metrics has to do with system or operational performance, such as in the case of how long it takes to process a Development Environment Management Request, from the time it is created to the time the Requester gets a satisfactory deliverable that allows him or her to move on with his or her work.

Development Environment Management Utilization Metrics: Utilization Metrics specifically have to do with the consumption of Development Environment Management specific solutions or deliverables. For example, tracking the number of Development Environment Management Service Requests, over periods of time, along with their corresponding Development Environment Management Deliverables, allows one to measure how active Development Environment Management Services are against other Services that may exist within the Enterprise.

Development Environment Management Financial Metrics: As is always the case for any single Discipline, Financial Metrics for Development Environment Management always revolve around things like revenue, expenses, and profits, both, for operators of the Service or Services and for consumers of the Service or Services. For example, if a Development Environment Management Request is invoked by a Development Environment Management Customer (acting as the "Requester"), it becomes important to be able to identify and understand what the cost is to that Customer who is invoking the Request, and it also becomes important to understand why that cost is what it is. In the case of Services that do not yield revenue or profits, measuring costs is a strong way to, at very least, help understand the costs associated with each Service being performed by, within, external to, and for the Enterprise and its Customers.

Note: It's important to understand that, when it comes to metrics, enterprises should take a "Crawl," "Walk," "Run" approach to collecting, working with, and understanding them. That is, you cannot get to complex metrics collection, dissection, analysis, and understanding until you start with basic metrics and slowly work your way to more complex metrics representations.


Services: Development Environment Management as a Set of Services (a.k.a. Development Environment Management Services)

One of the most important concepts you will learn about Development Environment Management (or any Discipline, for that matter) is the notion of implementing the Discipline as an accountable, planned, controlled, transparent, and managed "Service."

In short, Services represent a logically "bounded" and repeatable sets of work types, activities or tasks that are performed by humans and/or machines, with the specific intent to provide outputs or deliverables, in the form of solutions for the requesting Stakeholders who are commonly considered the customers of such Services. In other words, we perform and/or provide a Service to deliver very specific solutions to very specific Stakeholders who are looking for a means to solve a certain problem they have.

A Development Environment Management Service is defined as:

"1. A set of solutions, either transactional (i.e. Transactional Development Environment Management Services) or dial-tone (i.e. Dial-Tone Development Environment Management Services), that are being or have been put in place to yield an intended, controlled, expected, repeatable and measurable set of results or deliverables for Development Environment Management specific Customers, Consumers or Clients.

NOTE: Development Environment Management Service Consumers or Clients can be either Human Resources or Systems."

All Services, including Development Environment Management Services, can be performed manually (i.e. by people), automatically (i.e. by machines such as Computers), or by a combination of the two (i.e. a hybrid that is both manually and automated).

Also, all Services, including Development Environment Management Services, can be either transactional or dial tone, in nature.

In the case of Transactional Services for Development Environment Management, a Service Request is submitted and that Request is fulfilled as part of a process that is either manual, automated, or a hybrid of both (e.g. a Service to perform maintainance on your Development Environment Management System).

In the case of Dial Tone Services for Development Environment Management, a Service is expected to be up, running, available, and accessible to an End User so that he/she/it may perform some controlled and highly repeatable function (e.g. a "Development Environment Management System" that is up and running all the time).

Development Environment Management Service Components: The successful implementation of Development Environment Management as a set of Services for your enterprise usually implies that a number of key components have been established to support it. These components are:

  1. A clearly documented and socialized Development Environment Management Service Owner that is held accountable for Service performance, quality, and cost.
  2. A clearly documented and socialized Development Environment Management Service Provider, Organization or Group who is performing the Service or work.
  3. A clearly documented and socialized inventory of all Development Environment Management Service Inputs, including Development Environment Management Service Requests and any artifacts necessary to support such Requests so that consumers of the Service know how to engage and request or take advantage of them.
  4. For every Development Environment Management Service Input, a clearly documented and socialized inventory of Development Environment Management Service Outputs, making it clear to consumers what they can expect to receive as a result of a successful Service Request.
  5. For every Development Environment Management Service Input, a clearly documented and socialized inventory of the work being performed by the Service Provider to achieve such Outputs or Deliverables.
  6. For every Development Environment Management Service Input, a clearly documented and socialized inventory Service Level Agreements (e.g. Service Availability, Service Duration, Service Guarantees, etc.) that can be used to set expectations and measure actuals against for said Service Outputs.
  7. Clearly specified Development Environment Management Service Costs that help set expectations for Service Requesters (i.e. the cost of a request) and that provide clear transparency to the organizations that fund and sponsor such Services (i.e. the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) your Service(s).
  8. Development Environment Management Service Request Patterns (Estimation Creation, Modification, Decommission, Support/Incidents, Complaints, etc.) in order to create intuitive and repeatable user experiences across different Service Types.
  9. Clearly understand what Development Environment Management Service Resources are required, human or otherwise, to create and deliver your Development Environment Management Service Deliverables, in a repeatable, cost-efficient, timely, and high quality manner.
  10. For every Development Environment Management Service Request, understand the chargeback mechanism, in order to recoup your Service Costs.
  11. For every Development Environment Management Service, it's important to understand the skills that are required, will need to be developed, and will need to be maintained by Service Resources, in order to deliver each Service Deliverable.
  12. It's important to understand who your Development Environment Management Service Stakeholders are, this includes but is not limited to your Customers, Consumers, Clients, Sponsers, etc. are, as well as the types of problems it is that they're trying to solve or interests that they will have in your Services.

Development Environment Management Ownership: The most important thing to understand about a Development Environment Management Service is that, in order for such a Service to be successful, there must be a clear and accountable Owner for it. That is, there needs to be a very clear and accountable named person or organization that owns and is fully responsible for the Service, all of its sub-Services and, most importantly, all of the Service's "Outcomes." Without clear ownership, Services are almost never successful. And, for those few occasions where Services are successful without clear ownership, you can assume that they're successful because the people working in those Service areas are acting as heroes, or... the those Services are just plain lucky (that kind of luck doesn't last for long).

Development Environment Management Service Inputs: There are typically two types of inputs to any Development Environment Management Service. The first is what is known as a "Development Environment Management Service Request" and the second really represents any and all supporting artifacts that are necessary to support such requests, including but not limited to Data and Information in the form of Documents, either electronic or paper in form. Many would argue that the "money" to pay for the Service execution of the Request would be the third but, for now, we will assume that payment is controlled through the Data and Information provided to the Service Operators, in support of the Request.

Development Environment Management Service Outputs: The outputs of any Service are often referred to as the Service's Deliverables. Therefore, the readers should be aware that the terms "Development Environment Management Outputs" and "Development Environment Management Deliverables" are synonymous and interchangeable. All work performed in any enterprise is, by default, a Service that is being performed for someone else and, therefore, all work or Services yield results. These results are the Service's Outputs or Deliverables and a good Service ensures that such Outputs are appropriately documented to the consumers of said Service. This means that for any given Development Environment Management Service Request Type or Category there will be one or more clearly defined and documented Outputs or Deliverables, making it clear to the consumer what he, she, or they will get in response to their Request. This can be as simple as an answer to a question or as complex as the Merger of two enterprises.

Development Environment Management Service Levels: Service Levels represent "performance agreements," contractual or otherwise, that dictate how well a Development Environment Management Service should perform, most often keeping the Customers, Consumers, Clients or End Users of the Service in mind. Development Environment Management Service Levels can come in many forms and are often worked out by the Customers paying for the Services and the Service Providers who sell or provide the Services. In many cases, Service Levels are also self-imposed by the Service Providers performing the Services as a means to set expectations for Service Customers. In short, Development Environment Management Service Levels are constraints, limitations, and/or expectations that are tied directly to Development Environment Management Service Deliverables. They represent measures for things like quality, efficiency, and cost against said Deliverables or Outputs that allow the consumer of such Services to measure what they actually get against what they expected to get.


Service Paradigms: Centralized Development Environment Management vs. Federated Development Environment Management

Assuming an enterprise pursues the establishment of Development Environment Management as a set of controlled Services, there are three common paradigms for doing so. These include:

  1. A "Centralized Development Environment Management" implementation paradigm
  2. A "Federated Development Environment Management" implementation paradigm
  3. A "Hybrid Development Environment Management" implementation paradigm

Centralized Development Environment Management is defined as:

"1. The term or phrase that implies establishing and/or practicing the Discipline known as Development Environment Management as a concentric and singular set of organizations and services, usually in order to serve an entire enterprise, regardless of geographic location, further implying full centralization and no federation of any and all Development Environment Management associated Work, Activities, Actions, Tasks, Capabilities and/or Services."

Federated Development Environment Management, which is also referred to as Decentralized Development Environment Management, is defined as:

"1. The term or phrase that implies establishing and/or practicing the Discipline known as Development Environment Management in multiple pockets, communities, or organizations, further implying no centralization in the implementation and execution of Development Environment Management associated Work, Activities, Actions, Tasks, Capabilities and/or Services."

There are clear tradeoffs to each of the two models. For example, in a Centralized paradigm, it's normally easier to coordinate work and provide broad coverage, across many areas of the enterprise and relevant stakeholders. However, it becomes far more difficult for a centralized organization to properly fund and staff resources and services in order to perform all required work across all stakeholders, in a much larger enterprise.

It's also important to note that a third paradigm also exists as an option. This is known as a Hybrid Development Environment Management paradigm or model. In this case, there is a centralized Development Environment Management organization that is often responsible for things like centralized governance, command, control, and communications, while federated staff and services deal with localized forms of Development Environment Management. In this type of paradigm, federated staff and services usually report direclty into their local management but may have matrix reporting or responsibilities into the Centralized Development Environment Management organization.


Principles & Best Practices: Common Principles and Best Practices for Development Environment Management

A "Principle" is defined as being: "A professed assumption, basis, tenet, doctrine, plan of action or code of conduct for activities, work or behavior." Therefore, we can deduce the definition of "a Development Environment Management Principle" to be:

Development Environment Management Principle: "1. A professed assumption, basis, tenet, doctrine, plan of action or code of conduct for any activities, work or behavior associated with the Discipline known as Development Environment Management."

A "Best Practice" is defined as being: "One or more Activities, Actions, Tasks or Functions that often do not conform with strict Standards and that have evolved, over time, to be considered as conventional wisdom for consistently and repeated achieving Outcomes or Results that can be measured as being equal to or above acceptable norms." Therefore, we can deduce the definition of "a Development Environment Management Best Practice" to be:

Development Environment Management Best Practice: "1. One or more Development Environment Management related Activities, Actions, Tasks or Functions that often do not conform with strict standards and that have evolved, over time, to be considered as conventional wisdom for consistently and repeatedly achieving Outcomes or Results that can be measured as being equal to or above acceptable norms."

The plural form of this term would be "Development Environment Management Best Practices."

Common Development Environment Management related principles and best practices exist to help achieve higher than average expectations of quality and to ease in the implementation, support, operations, and future change associated with the solutions industry professionals put in place to address the needs of this Discipline and all its related stakeholders.

While this entire document is meant to represent and serve as a set of common principles and best practices for Development Environment Management, the following list represents a summary of some very basic examples of what implementers, supporters, and operators of Development Environment Management should constantly be working toward:

Principle or Best Practice Description
Establish and always have very clear Ownership for Development Environment Management. Establishing, publishing and socializing clear Ownership for Development Environment Management allows an enterprise and all its Resources, regardless of their geographic location, to assign accountability for all aspects of the Discipline. It also ensures that there's always at least one person that everyone can go to for transparency into the Discipline as well as for handling work that is associated with the Discipline.
Define, Collect, and Manage Relevant Development Environment Management Inventories. As an IT professional, there are probably few things that are as important as knowing what is or is not in your portfolio, as well as understanding key traits about your portfolio. You cannot achieve this without the transparency provided by your inventories. Therefore, it is critical that you clearly define, collect, manage, and govern any and all relevant Development Environment Management inventories. Lack of Development Environment Management Inventories means no transparency, a chaotic and immature environment, and (even worse) the implication that you don't know how to do your job.
Always use standard terminology for Development Environment Management, in order to standardize communications between stakeholders. It is often argued that the biggest mistake you can make is to create your own words and/or your own definitions, when communicating with others. There is no place where this is more accurate than in the field of Information Technology. IT Stakeholders make up their own words and definitions far too often, or let their business constituents do so. When you make up words or definitions, or you let others do so, you're creating a grave injustice for your organization. Self invented terminology and grammar often leads to poor communications, which in turn leads to redundancy of solutions, higher complexity of environments, slower delivery times, and much higher costs. Therefore, the IF4IT always recommends that you leverage standard terminology for Development Environment Management, whenever possible.
Centralization of Development Environment related data. While often impossible to centralize and collocate all Development Environment related data and information, especially in a geographically dispersed environment, Development Environment Management related stakeholders should always strive to centralize all data and information. The goals are to eliminate data fragmentation, improve source of truth for data, reduce the number of systems needed to support stakeholders, reduce the complexity of solutions, improve usability, and to ultimately reduce the costs associated with Development Environment Management.
Clearly define, implement, track, and analyze Development Environment Management Metrics. In order to successfully set up the discipline of Development Environment Management and its related Services, it is critical to clearly define, track, and constantly analyze Development Environment Management metrics. Such metrics include but are not limited to Supply and Demand Metrics (i.e. Operational Metrics), Performance Metrics, Quality Metrics, and Financial Metrics.
Transparency of Development Environment related data. Stakeholders should always strive to make any and all Development Environment Management data transparent to all other appropriate stakeholders, at a minimum, and often to the entire enterprises. The exception when private user data must be protected. Many stakeholders often make the mistake of treating internal operational data as private or protected. This often creates a data silo and will often lead to internally silo-ed organizations that revolve around such data silos.
Do not let "perfection" of Development Environment Management solutions stand in the way of "good enough solutions". Often, Development Environment Management stakeholders "overthink" solutions, leading to the impression that best-of-breed or perfect solutions are more effective than "good enough" solutions. Experience tells us that "good enough" is, almost always, the better path to follow. We live in an age where technologies grow old in the blink of an eye. Even the implementation of something that looks perfect, today, will look antiquated, tomorrow. This is especially true if your enterprise doesn't have a long term funding plan and commitment to improvements and upgrades of the solution(s) put in place.
Follow industry Standards, Best Practices, and Guiding Principles for Development Environment Management, whenever possible". One of the most common errors many enterprises make is to create solutions from scratch or without the guidance, assistance and/or experience of others who have created such solutions, before them. Whenever possible, the IF4IT recommends that you research existing Standards, Best Practices, and Guiding Principles to avoid the mistakes of others, while also gaining from their successes. Remember, we live in a vast world. Chances are very high that someone else has already experienced the pain you're about to create for yourself. Wise people will always look to learn from such people's experiences before they go down the road of implementing their own solutions.
Work toward and maintain a Single Source of Truth (SSoT), whenever possible. While it may be impossible to truly maintain a Single Source of Truth (SSoT) for all data items at all times, especially in the case where the same data entity or instance enters an enterprise through unique data channels, it is an accepted, industry-wide best practice to always work toward such a goal.

Further Reading and Reference Material for Development Environment Management

The Information Technology (IT) Learning Framework. A tutorial that helps understand Information Technology and how disciplines, such as this one, fits into the bigger picture of IT Operations.

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